Many adults suffer from melasma. Melasma is a form of hyperpigmentation in which the areas of skin become much darker than their surrounding area. The dark patches result from the overproduction of melanin from melanocytes pigment cells. The melasma will not affect your basic health, its precise dark patches can often look quite repulsive, causing discomfort. You may wish to try some of these following treatments first, especially if you notice the discolouration in its beginning.

1. Exfoliation

If the dark patches are quite a new, they may only cover the upper layers of skin. In that case, manually exfoliating the skin area could be a viable solution. Find an exfoliating cleanser of your choice and apply it to the area in a circular motion. Repeat at least once in a day for best results.

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Some creams like Bioderma Cicabio cream help to fight against the risk of hyperpigmentation.

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2. Citrus Rub
Citrus fruits carry a significant amount of ascorbic acid, which can shed the top layer of skin without any damage. Take some lemon juice on a cotton ball, dab it on your skin and leave it on for at least 20 minutes. Repeat once or twice a day for the excellent results. Another option would be to create a face mask of honey and lemon. Mix one-two teaspoons of honey with the lemon juice of half a lemon with around two teaspoons of honey. Apply to the affected skin area for at least 30 minutes and then wash thoroughly.

3. Vitamin E
Vitamin E has excellent antioxidant properties and can help your body repair the damaged cells. You can apply Vitamin E oil directly on the skin and have foods high in Vitamin E, such as avocado, nuts, tofu, leafy greens, and squash.

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4. Papaya
Papaya contains papain enzyme which helps to exfoliate the skin. Papaya also has significant amounts of Vitamin C as well as Vitamin E, which makes it perfect for treating discolouration. Try applying a small piece of the fruit to the affected skin area twice a day for at least 20-30 minutes. Or, blend the papaya into a fine paste for a face mask.

5. Folic Acid
There have been some studies linking melasma to a deficiency of folic acid, and folic acid is commonly prescribed by obstetricians to pregnant women with melasma. So, it's highly recommended to take supplements and eat foods that contain a lot of that critical nutrients. Such foods include citrus fruits, green, leafy vegetables, beans, and whole grains.

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